Herbs — Citronella

Family name: Poaceae, Gramineae (Grass Family)
Botanical name: Cymbopogon Nardus
Parts used: The Leaves/stems
Extraction: Steam distillation of the fresh, part-dried, or dried grass
Taste: Bitter, sweet
Aroma: Fresh, powerful, lemony
Perfumery status: A head note of medium intensity and poor persistence

General Description
A tall, aromatic, perennial grass, which has derived from the wild-growing “managrass” found in Sri Lanka.


Distribution
Native to Sri Lanka, now extensively cultivated on the southernmost tip of the country.


Herbal & Folk tradition
The leaves of citronella are used for their aromatic and medicinal value in many cultures for fever, intestinal parasites, digestive and menstrual problems, as a stimulant and an insect repellent. It is used in Chinese traditional medicine for rheumatic pain.


Characteristics
A yellow-brown liquid. Blends well with geranium, lemon, bergamot, orange, cedarwood and pine.


Properties
Mosquito repellent, flea repellent, purifier, antiseptic, bactericidal, fungicidal.


Safety data
Non-toxic, non-irritant, skin sensitizing (low risk) in hypersensitive individuals. May cause dermatitis.
Avoid during pregnancy!
Maximal dermal use 18.2%

USED IN PRODUCTS:
Outdoor No 2. – Air Born