Herbs — Tea Tree

Family name: Myrtaceae (Myrtle Family)
Botanical name:  Melaleuca Alternifolia
Parts used: The leaves, twiglets
Extraction: Steam distillation of the leaves and twiglets
Taste: Bitter, pungent, sweet
Aroma: Strong, medicinal, camphoraceous, balsamic & bittersweet
Perfumery status: A head note of medium intensity and poor persistence (but hardly used as such)

General Description
A small tree or shrub (smallest of the tea tree family), with needle-like leaves similar to cypress, with heads of sessile yellow of purplish flowers.


Distribution
Native to Australia. Other varieties have been cultivated elsewhere, but M. alternifolia is not produced outside Australia, mainly in New South Wales.


Herbal & Folk tradition
The name derives from its local usage as a type of herbal tea, prepared from its leaves. Our present knowledge of the properties and uses of tea tree is based on a very long history of use by the aboriginal people of Australia to heal cuts, wounds and skin infections.


Characteristics
A pale yellowy-green or water-white mobile liquid. It blends well with lavandin, lavender, clary sage, rosemary, oakmoss, pine, cananga, geranium, marjoram and spice oils.


Properties
Acne, herpes, pruritus (severe itching), dermatitis, dandruff, infectious diseases, urinary infections, asthma, bronchitis, tuberculosis, athlete´s foot, candida, fungal infections, ringworm, wounds, insect/spider/scorpion/tick bites.


Safety data
Non-toxic, non-irritant, skin sensitization (low risk) in hypersensitive individuals. Old or oxidized oils should be avoided.
Maximal dermal use 15%.

USED IN PRODUCTS:
Itchy & Scratchy